In all sense of reasoning, democracy is a system of government that centres wholly on the plight of the people. To clarify, it is practice where the majority, through periodic elections, make choice of preferred political leaders. According to modern day scholars, democratic tenets are as numerous as the number of practitioners. Therefore, the actions of the ordinary people needs complements, majorly from the most-organized of entities. Democratic institutions (executive, legislature and judiciary) are then put in place to ensure polities do not tarry in the name of ineffectiveness. Pillars of democracy are also instrumental as they support the course of the well-meaning institutions.
Pillars of democracy are those things that helps to strenghten democracy. As functional aids, they bridge the gap between the government and its citizens. They also ensure that human and resources network are built with a sense of political correctness. Most importantly, it should resound that the key role of these pillars make them interdependent. Just like departments in a firm, the congruent goal of these aids is in the sustenance of democracy. Meanwhile, this is done under full consideration of the doctrines of the rule of law. This implies that the rule of law is a crux in all political settings, other than a militarian system.
The determinants of even national development are so numerous to mention. But, service, orderliness, economic planning and security are amongst the prerequisites for national development. However, democratic institutions and other agencies work hand in hand to ascertain this growth. From proper GDP accounting to project funding and communal suuport, the government and individuals needs to impact in their so-many state functions. In several ways, this will help to render the society devoid of inequality and uneveness.
The pillars of democracy are:
A free press, firstly, is one of the important pillars of democracy. Mass media organisations perform the crucial function of informing the public quickly and excessively. Through news, broadcast shows and other means, the seperate regions gets handy information on political matters. For instance, public opinions on matters of general importance are collected, assessed and reviewed through the media. It then goes a long way in shuning apathy and thrillng popular participation, as in the case of a democratic state.
Secondly, political parties are also crucial agents for all-round national development. These categories of people comes together under the flag of interest aggregation. That is to say, parties are with the aim of gaining political power through contest in elections. In all, the major roles of political education and periodic change of government are amongst key factors of their continous existence till date. To an extent, there is a belief that democracy cannot thrive in the face of a zero party system. This is owing to the fact that the people will not have an avenue to exercise their franchise and negate illegitimacy in leadership.
Similarly, free and fair elections are amongst the important pillars of democracy. A free and fair election is the one devoid of all forms of electoral malpractices. In Nigeria, the June 12th presidential election takes the credit as the fairest election in history. In short, the success of democracy is dependent solely on this pillar. Transparency, accountability and credibility are the ideal nuggets that make for the whole in this sense.
Conduct of elections, voter’s registration and supply of voting materials are functions of electoral commission. In line with democratic tenets, an independent electoral communiucation performs electoral duties with a high sense of impartiality. Vote counting, result declaration and other responsibilities should remain confidential. So, the tendency of manipulation will be very little as raw datas are sure to yield accurate results. Above all, the commission is sure not to operate under political interference, thereby leading to national development.
Subsequently, interest articulation on the side of pressure groups is a primary factor for democratic success. Human right groups, trade unions, civil societies also take shelter under this shade. In their best measures, they mount pressure on the government and influence policies. In all, there is a motive to stabilize quality living and protect professional ethics. National development is one of the feasible outcomes of practices of these confluence of people.
Popularly, the judiciary is regarded as the hope of the common man. As one of the pillars of democracy, an independent judiciary prevents injustice and ensures orderliness. Precedents, injunctions and other actions of the law court leverages for crime curbing. In the same vein, the court also help to fight against all form of human right abuse. With the help of human right groups, the constitutional privileges which accruses to every individual are rightly protected.
Lastly, the ideologies of majority rule and minority right are principal for national development. To clarify, the people, by virtue of democratic practices, gets a fair share of the national cake. Delimitation of constituencies, budget preparation and national income accounting paves a way for eveness in all regions. This way, the democratically-elected government allocates revenue according to needs. These contrasting terms are also pillars of democracy.